Service Animals and the Fair Housing Act: Rights and Responsibilities of Housing Providers and Tenants

Legal Article

Service Animals and the Fair Housing Act: Rights and Responsibilities of Housing Providers and Tenants


Service animals play a vital role in assisting individuals with disabilities to navigate their daily lives. Under the Fair Housing Act (FHA), housing providers have certain obligations to accommodate individuals with disabilities who rely on service animals. Likewise, tenants with disabilities have rights and responsibilities when it comes to housing and their service animals. In this blog post, we will explore the rights and responsibilities of housing providers and tenants regarding service animals under the Fair Housing Act.

Rights and Responsibilities of Housing Providers

  1. Reasonable Accommodation: Housing providers have a legal obligation to make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities who require service animals. This includes allowing service animals in housing units, even if there are pet restrictions or “no pets” policies in place.
  2. Definition of Service Animals: Housing providers must recognize that service animals are not pets. Service animals are defined as animals trained to perform specific tasks or provide assistance to individuals with disabilities. They are not subject to pet restrictions or pet-related fees.
  3. Documentation and Verification: Housing providers have the right to request reliable documentation or verification when a disability or the need for a service animal is not apparent. However, they cannot ask for specific details about the individual’s disability or demand medical records.
  4. Reasonable Rules and Regulations: Housing providers can establish reasonable rules and regulations regarding service animals. These rules should not discriminate against individuals with disabilities or create unnecessary barriers to accommodation.

Rights and Responsibilities of Tenants

  1. Proper Handling and Control: Tenants with service animals have a responsibility to ensure that their animals are under control and do not cause any damage or disturbances to other residents or the property. They must also comply with local animal control laws.
  2. Providing Verification, if Necessary: In situations where the disability or need for a service animal is not apparent, tenants may need to provide reliable documentation or verification to the housing provider. This could be a letter from a healthcare professional or proof of the animal’s training.
  3. Maintenance and Cleanliness: Tenants are responsible for the care, maintenance, and cleanliness of their service animals. They should ensure that their animals are well-groomed, vaccinated, and properly managed to prevent any health or hygiene issues.
  4. Disclosure of Service Animal: Tenants are not required to disclose their disability but may need to inform the housing provider about the presence of a service animal. This can help the provider make appropriate accommodations and avoid misunderstandings.


Service animals are essential for individuals with disabilities, providing invaluable assistance and support. The Fair Housing Act recognizes the importance of service animals and mandates that housing providers make reasonable accommodations for tenants with disabilities who rely on these animals. Housing providers must understand their obligations under the FHA and treat service animals as distinct from pets. Similarly, tenants with disabilities must be aware of their rights and responsibilities when it comes to housing and their service animals. By promoting understanding and compliance with the Fair Housing Act’s provisions, we can create inclusive living environments that respect the rights and needs of individuals with disabilities and their service animals. If you have questions or concerns regarding service animals and the Fair Housing Act, consult with an experienced fair housing attorney who can provide guidance and ensure your rights are protected.