Asset protection

Protecting Your Assets as a Business Owner

Protecting
Your Assets as a Business Owner

Many business owners spend much of their
time working on their business to improve efficiency and increase profits.
While being consumed with the day-to-day activities, many business owners
neglect certain asset protection issues. Business owners who own their business
in the corporate form need to understand how to own corporate stock that will minimize
exposure to creditors. Also, business owners can create agreements that will
enhance the value of the business from the inside.

Stock
Ownership

When a creditor seizes a shareholder’s
stock, they also obtain the same rights that the debtor had such as management
and liquidation rights. Also. A charging order protection, which protects your
interest in a company from creditors, does not apply to C and S corporations.
Additionally, an S corporation owner may have a concern if their creditor is an
ineligible S corporation creditor, potentially threatening the company’s status
as an S corporation. If this is the case, the corporation will be treated as a
C corporation and make itself subject to double taxation. 

An owner of S or C corporation stock
should consider the asset protection benefits of converting that corporation
into an LLC. There are a few different options when it comes to limited
liability organizations that can protect business assets from the personal
creditors of the owner. Entities such as partnerships, limited partnerships,
and limited liability limited partnerships are treated as partnerships for
federal tax purposes. Unfortunately, partnerships are not allowed to own S
corporation stock. If you want to hold ownership through a company, an LLC may
be your best option because an LLC can elect to be taxed as a corporation and
would be able to own S corporation stock.

The asset protection benefit of an LLC is called a “charging order” and is a judicial remedy. A charging order protects the owner’s interest in a LLC from their personal liabilities.  If a creditor receives a charging order, the creditor’s interest in the LLC is limited. The creditor will have the right to any distribution that is made from the LLC. However, the creditor is not entitled to any voting rights, thus will have no say in any management or liquidation decisions.

With the right methods, owners of C or S
corporations will be able to benefit from the LLC asset protection if they
decide to convert their corporation into an LLC that will be taxed as a
corporation. When doing so, the conversion is treat as a nontaxable “F”
reorganization under IRC Section 368(a)(1)(F). 
During this process, it is important to consider and evaluate the
individual state law consequences. For example, C corporations considering
conversion should look for the “built-in-gains tax” under IRC Section 1374.
Also, the level of protection that a charging order provides varies state by
state.

Business
Agreements

There are various types of business
agreements that can protect your business. Among them include a Non-Compete and
Confidentiality Agreement, Buy-Sell Agreement, and a Deferred Compensation or
Bonus Plan for certain employees.

Few events can be as detrimental to a
business as a key employee leaving and starting a similar business that serves
as direct competition. The more important that employee is to your business,
the more detrimental it can be. That is why it is important to have your employee
sign a Non-Compete, starting with your most important employees and working
your way down. As long as the agreement is considered reasonable under the law,
the agreement will be enforceable.

A Buy-Sell Agreement can be one of the most important business agreements a company can make. A Buy-Sell agreement that is properly drafted will allow he owner to protect their interest as well as the remaining business owner’s interest. A good Buy-Sell agreement will provide the selling owner a fair value for his or her interest while allowing the new owner the proper means to buy the remaining interests of the corporation without depleting the value of the company. The purpose of the Buy-Sell Agreement is to provide a predetermined business value (or method of arriving at a business value) at the occurrence of an event such as death, disability, or retirement of an owner’s interest in the business to ensure a smooth transition of ownership.

It is important to plan ahead to make sure there are sufficient funds available to implement the buy-sell provisions without taking too much money out of the cash flow of the business. Funding the agreement at the owner’s death will be easier since you can use the proceeds from the life insurance fund to enact the agreement. It will be more difficult to buy-out an owner’s interest in the event of a disability, retirement, or involuntary or voluntary termination. Once the agreement is in place, it is important to continually update the agreement as the value of the business or the owner’s objectives change with time.

Business owners should also consider a
deferred compensation plan or bonus agreement to incentivize employees to reach
certain performance goals. In doing so, the employee’s will be rewarded for
certain objectives that increase the value of the business. This often results
in increasing the value of the business in a shorter window because employees
are appropriately incentivized. Also, such agreements, place what many people
call “golden handcuffs” on your best employees that make it difficult for them
to leave the company when they are being offered such benefits and rewards. Not
only do these agreements enable the business to grow, but also makes the
company more attractive to potential investors when they know that the key employees
are secured in the business.

This article only scratches the surface
of asset protection strategies for business owners. It is important to contact
a legal attorney for advice on the appropriate methods and plans. That being
said, there are many small things a business owner can do to protect the value
of the business that are often overlooked. The agreements discussed in this
article can save a business owner a lot of money and headaches if they are put
in place early on. Not only does it make owning a business easier, but it also
makes the business more attractive to potential buyers when the owner decides
to sell.